New approaches to frost control

The height of the vines influences how they fare during cold weather.

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  • High-tech nursery cuts propagation time

High-tech nursery cuts propagation time

  • April 1st, 2013

Pear rootstocks growing in the tissue culture lab.
PHOTOS BY GERALDINE WARNER

A high-tech nursery based in Pullman, Washington, is propagating Washington State University’s new WA 38 apple through tissue culture in anticipation of its commercial release.

Phytelligence holds a propagation license for WA 38, which is one of the first [...]

  • Calculating the value of biological control

Calculating the value of biological control

  • April 1st, 2013

Washington State University entomologist Dr. Stan Hoyt developed integrated mite control in the late 1960s (see “How integrated mite control works”).

Over the last four decades, integrated mite control has saved Washington fruit growers millions of dollars each year because they did not have to use specific miticides to control [...]

Last Bite: FruiTrivia

  • April 1st, 2013

1. An experimental Solid Set Canopy Delivery System is designed for:
a.    Applying pesticides
b.    Evaporative cooling
c.     Dispensing pheromones
d.    Irrigation
e.    Frost control

2. The name of the DBR fruit harvesting system stands for:
a.     Drive-By Reaper
b.    Dwan Byl Rennack
c.    Dirty Bucket Replacement
d. [...]

What Tier 4 standards mean

  • April 1st, 2013

Fuel requirements. New engines will require ultra-low sulfur diesel that has no more than 15 parts per million of sulfur. (This fuel has been used since 2006 in on-highway vehicles.)

New engine technology. Changes likely to be most noticeable are in placement and packaging of aftertreatment systems and increased size [...]

  • New off-road emission standards coming

New off-road emission standards coming

  • April 1st, 2013

Clean diesel technology has been making its way off the highways and into farms and fields and other off-road uses since the 1990s. For growers, this has translated into more expensive and sophisticated tractors and diesel engine-driven equipment, but they will become even more so when the last tier [...]

  • WA 38 will have a name

WA 38 will have a name

  • March 15th, 2013

The commercialization plan for WA 38 will be different than for its first release, WA 2.

Washington State University is finalizing a plan for how its ­second apple variety, WA 38, will be commercialized.

The university will send out an “announcement of opportunity” (similar to a request for proposals) inviting applications [...]

  • Promotion and management of pear fruiting

Promotion and management of pear fruiting

  • March 15th, 2013

Left: D’Anjou tree sprayed at two weeks after bloom with 80 ppm ReTain relative to an untreated control. Right: Untreated d’Anjou control tree.
PHOTOS COURTESY OF TODD EINHORN

Different pear cultivars have unique challenges associated with their fruiting habits;  young d’Anjou trees can bloom profusely but set relatively few fruit, [...]

  • Apple name delights grower

Apple name delights grower

  • March 15th, 2013

Bob Meyer, right, discusses the merits of WSU’s new apples WA 2 and WA 38 with Jim Cowin at a field day to showcase the varieties.

Bob Meyer, an apple grower in Toppenish, Washington, is one of the first in the state to produce Washington State University’s first apple release, [...]

  • Project objectives

Project objectives

  • March 15th, 2013

Five specific objectives for the ­Integrated Crop Pollination ­project are:

Identify economically valuable pollinators and the factors affecting their abundance.
Develop habitat management practices to improve crop ­pollination.
Determine performance of alternative managed bees as specialty crop pollinators.
Demonstrate and deliver ICP ­practices for specialty crops.
Determine optimal methods for [...]

  • Deer Wars

Deer Wars

  • March 15th, 2013

Growers in the prime fruit-growing area surrounding Grand Traverse Bay in northwest Michigan are protesting the conversion of their orchards into prime hunting ground for deer hunters wanting to shoot bucks with ­bigger antlers.

The state’s Department of Natural Resources approved a hunter-requested program called the Quality Deer Management Program [...]

  • Integrated Crop Pollination

Integrated Crop Pollination

  • March 15th, 2013

Honeybees have probably the largest and most loyal following of any insects in the animal kingdom. Honey is considered the most natural and purest sweetener, beeswax the only proper substance for candles in churches, and the bees’ work as pollinators is lauded as so essential, we’d all starve without [...]

  • Codling moth: It’s what’s for dinner.

Codling moth: It’s what’s for dinner.

  • March 15th, 2013

A sterilized carabid beetle before gut dissection.
Angela Gadino, WSU

Do you ever wonder what those earwigs, spiders, and other ground-dwelling predators eat in your orchard?

This question has been a main focus in the Enhancing Biological Control in Western Orchards Specialty Crop Research Initiative project. We know these predators are [...]