New approaches to frost control

The height of the vines influences how they fare during cold weather.

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  • Good to Know: Consumer expectations of apple quality

Good to Know: Consumer expectations of apple quality

  • March 15th, 2013

Everyone has a favorite apple variety but what makes it so? How do Washington State University’s new apple varieties WA 2 and WA 38 compare with each other, and with existing commercial varieties?

Consumers and producers may not always agree when asked what characteristics they desire in a new variety. [...]

  • Conserving wild pollinators

Conserving wild pollinators

  • March 15th, 2013

PHOTO COURTESY OF MARY ANN FRAZIER

Cornell University has a new publication called Wild Pollinators of Eastern Apple Orchards and How to Conserve Them, compiled by Cornell’s Mia Park with seven coauthors from Cornell, Penn State, and the Xerces Society.

The 20-page publication describes the habits of major wild bee species [...]

  • WA 38 will have a name

WA 38 will have a name

  • March 15th, 2013

The commercialization plan for WA 38 will be different than for its first release, WA 2.

Washington State University is finalizing a plan for how its ­second apple variety, WA 38, will be commercialized.

The university will send out an “announcement of opportunity” (similar to a request for proposals) inviting applications [...]

  • Apple name delights grower

Apple name delights grower

  • March 15th, 2013

Bob Meyer, right, discusses the merits of WSU’s new apples WA 2 and WA 38 with Jim Cowin at a field day to showcase the varieties.

Bob Meyer, an apple grower in Toppenish, Washington, is one of the first in the state to produce Washington State University’s first apple release, [...]

  • Promotion and management of pear fruiting

Promotion and management of pear fruiting

  • March 15th, 2013

Left: D’Anjou tree sprayed at two weeks after bloom with 80 ppm ReTain relative to an untreated control. Right: Untreated d’Anjou control tree.
PHOTOS COURTESY OF TODD EINHORN

Different pear cultivars have unique challenges associated with their fruiting habits;  young d’Anjou trees can bloom profusely but set relatively few fruit, [...]

  • Project objectives

Project objectives

  • March 15th, 2013

Five specific objectives for the ­Integrated Crop Pollination ­project are:

Identify economically valuable pollinators and the factors affecting their abundance.
Develop habitat management practices to improve crop ­pollination.
Determine performance of alternative managed bees as specialty crop pollinators.
Demonstrate and deliver ICP ­practices for specialty crops.
Determine optimal methods for [...]

  • The Top Five

The Top Five

  • March 1st, 2013

Before you buy a new orchard sprayer, you’ll want to think about it a bit. A sprayer is a major investment, about $50,000, not something to be taken lightly. And what you buy is likely to be with you for many years.

Dr. Andrew Landers, an agricultural engineer at New [...]

  • For the birds

For the birds

  • March 1st, 2013

Preliminary estimates of bird damage to fruit crops made during 2012 show what fruit growers already know: Fruit production can be for the birds—at least a good part of it.

The estimates were made in the Pacific Northwest, New York, and Michigan as part of a $2 million project funded [...]

  • Stinkbug is strong flier

Stinkbug is strong flier

  • March 1st, 2013

The stinkbug injects saliva into the fruit and then sucks out the juice, causing brown areas in the flesh that can resemble bitter pit.
PHOTOS BY NIK WIMAN, OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

The brown marmorated stinkbug continues to spread, coming alarmingly close to commercial fruit-producing regions of the Pacific Northwest, and [...]

Bug pheromone studied

  • March 1st, 2013

In tree fruit pest management, most monitoring and mating disruption technologies are based on phero­mones that female insects release to attract males. For example, sex pheromones are used to lure male codling moths to traps or in order to mimic females and confuse the males to reduce their chances [...]

Food Safety Committee guides research

  • March 1st, 2013

The Pacific Northwest Food SafetyCommittee, an industry advisory group representing tree fruit growers, packers, and researchers, was organized in 2007 to guide the Northwest tree fruit industry and Northwest Horticultural Council on food safety issues.

Since its inception, the committee has worked with industry and university food safety experts and [...]

  • Air volume should match canopy volume

Air volume should match canopy volume

  • March 1st, 2013

As growers move to modern, high-density planting systems to improve yield and orchard management, they need to match the sprayer output to the modern canopy. The closely planted trees and narrow rows require totally different operating parameters than the large, traditional tree canopies of older orchards.

Since coming to Cornell [...]