New approaches to frost control

The height of the vines influences how they fare during cold weather.

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  • Deer Wars

Deer Wars

  • March 15th, 2013

Growers in the prime fruit-growing area surrounding Grand Traverse Bay in northwest Michigan are protesting the conversion of their orchards into prime hunting ground for deer hunters wanting to shoot bucks with ­bigger antlers.

The state’s Department of Natural Resources approved a hunter-requested program called the Quality Deer Management Program [...]

  • Promotion and management of pear fruiting

Promotion and management of pear fruiting

  • March 15th, 2013

Left: D’Anjou tree sprayed at two weeks after bloom with 80 ppm ReTain relative to an untreated control. Right: Untreated d’Anjou control tree.
PHOTOS COURTESY OF TODD EINHORN

Different pear cultivars have unique challenges associated with their fruiting habits;  young d’Anjou trees can bloom profusely but set relatively few fruit, [...]

  • Codling moth: It’s what’s for dinner.

Codling moth: It’s what’s for dinner.

  • March 15th, 2013

A sterilized carabid beetle before gut dissection.
Angela Gadino, WSU

Do you ever wonder what those earwigs, spiders, and other ground-dwelling predators eat in your orchard?

This question has been a main focus in the Enhancing Biological Control in Western Orchards Specialty Crop Research Initiative project. We know these predators are [...]

  • Project objectives

Project objectives

  • March 15th, 2013

Five specific objectives for the ­Integrated Crop Pollination ­project are:

Identify economically valuable pollinators and the factors affecting their abundance.
Develop habitat management practices to improve crop ­pollination.
Determine performance of alternative managed bees as specialty crop pollinators.
Demonstrate and deliver ICP ­practices for specialty crops.
Determine optimal methods for [...]

  • Integrated Crop Pollination

Integrated Crop Pollination

  • March 15th, 2013

Honeybees have probably the largest and most loyal following of any insects in the animal kingdom. Honey is considered the most natural and purest sweetener, beeswax the only proper substance for candles in churches, and the bees’ work as pollinators is lauded as so essential, we’d all starve without [...]

Bee Care Center

  • March 15th, 2013

Bayer CropScience has begun construction of its North American Bee Care Center at its headquarters in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.

The center is to be a gathering place for researchers, bee experts, students, and other visitors to meet with Bayer scientists with the goal of promoting and protecting bee [...]

No fruit, no funding

  • March 15th, 2013

The short fruit crop in the eastern United States last year had a dramatic impact on research and promotion programs organized under state and federal market orders. These programs are funded by checkoffs collected on a per-pound basis, so income plummeted with the reduced crop size.

In Michigan, where the [...]

  • For the birds

For the birds

  • March 1st, 2013

Preliminary estimates of bird damage to fruit crops made during 2012 show what fruit growers already know: Fruit production can be for the birds—at least a good part of it.

The estimates were made in the Pacific Northwest, New York, and Michigan as part of a $2 million project funded [...]

  • Air volume should match canopy volume

Air volume should match canopy volume

  • March 1st, 2013

As growers move to modern, high-density planting systems to improve yield and orchard management, they need to match the sprayer output to the modern canopy. The closely planted trees and narrow rows require totally different operating parameters than the large, traditional tree canopies of older orchards.

Since coming to Cornell [...]

  • Stinkbug is strong flier

Stinkbug is strong flier

  • March 1st, 2013

The stinkbug injects saliva into the fruit and then sucks out the juice, causing brown areas in the flesh that can resemble bitter pit.
PHOTOS BY NIK WIMAN, OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

The brown marmorated stinkbug continues to spread, coming alarmingly close to commercial fruit-producing regions of the Pacific Northwest, and [...]

  • Good to Know: New traps and lures for tree fruit pests

Good to Know: New traps and lures for tree fruit pests

  • March 1st, 2013

Generations of growers have monitored the key pests in their orchards. Over the years, traps and lures available to growers have evolved. Yet, the goal has always been to develop easy-to-use, sensitive, and selective trapping systems. Sorting through pails baited with fermenting fruit juice filled with a writhing mass [...]

Bug pheromone studied

  • March 1st, 2013

In tree fruit pest management, most monitoring and mating disruption technologies are based on phero­mones that female insects release to attract males. For example, sex pheromones are used to lure male codling moths to traps or in order to mimic females and confuse the males to reduce their chances [...]