Several forces at work suggest that orchardists should look more closely at how they manage the floors of their orchards and vineyards.
Tree fruit growers may one day have a new way to dramatically improve soil quality in low-organic-matter soils. Imagine being able to add organic matter that will last thousands of years, essentially permanently affecting soil tilth and structure, instead of the few years you can get using cover crops and mulches. The “new” form of organic material is called biochar.
Blossom-time apple thinning model explored for eastern growers.
Perimeter sprays: Growers can save money applying pesticides only where they’re most needed.