Steps to manage canker

  • May 15th, 2012

Scientists have developed the following ­integrated approach to manage canker in cherries:

Avoid interplanting new with old trees. Rain can splash inoculum from old trees onto the young, healthy trees.
 Do not use sprinkle irrigation on trees for the first three years. In late summer, reduce the amount of water [...]

  • Bacterial canker requires an integrated approach

Bacterial canker requires an integrated approach

  • May 15th, 2012

A canker from the bacteria Pseudomonas syringae has developed in this young cherry tree.
Photo by Ken Johnson, OSU

With copper bactericides failing in some areas to control bacterial canker (Pseudomonas syringae) in cherries, growers will have to adopt an integrated approach, says an Oregon State University plant pathologist.

Bacterial canker [...]

  • Choosing not to replant

Choosing not to replant

  • May 1st, 2012

An example of layering, in which a cane is brought from the old Cabernet Sauvignon cordon on the right to where a vine was missing, burying it so that a new sho ot would emerge to become the new trunk. The new vine, still connected to the old one, [...]

  • Organic viticulture is all about timing

Organic viticulture is all about timing

  • May 1st, 2012

Bill Powers used common materials—screen mesh, bottoms of plastic jugs—to construct his pest fan.
Melissa Hansen

The key to making organic practices effective in the vineyard boils down to timing, says organic wine grape pioneer Bill Powers. With more than two decades of organic farming experience, he’s used farmer know-how [...]

  • New York apple growers on alert for strep-resistant fireblight

New York apple growers on alert for strep-resistant fireblight

  • April 1st, 2012

Dead terminal shoots on apple trees caused by infection by fireblight bacteria.
COURTESY OF KERIK COX

Apple growers in New York State were not granted the Section 18 emergency use permit they requested from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. That would have allowed them to use the antibiotic kasugamycin (Kasumin) [...]

  • Clinic can diagnose crop ailments

Clinic can diagnose crop ailments

  • April 1st, 2012

Karen Ward runs WSU’s Plant Pest Diagnostic Clinic.

If you find strange rots or spots on your fruit trees or some mysterious ailment, Washington State University’s Plant Pest Diagnostic Clinic is ready to help out.

Karen Ward, clinic coordinator, accepts plant samples for diagnosis of diseases and disorders. The clinic, based [...]

  • New options for fireblight control

New options for fireblight control

  • March 1st, 2012

Fireblight in apple.

New products could be registered in the United States this season to manage fireblight in apples and pears.

One is Blossom Protect whose active ingredient is the yeast Aureobasidium pullulans. It was developed by a company called Bio-Ferm, based in Austria, and is already registered in Italy and [...]

New fungicides benefit from lessons of Benlate

  • February 15th, 2012

Fruit growers will have new fungicides this year to help manage diseases as diverse as leaf spot in cherries, scab in apples, and brown rot and scab on peaches.      The new materials are so-called second-­generation succinate dehydrogenase inhibitors (SDHI), similar in action to boscalid, one [...]

  • Bunch rot,  a different beast

Bunch rot, a different beast

  • February 15th, 2012

Michelle Moyer reminds growers who had powdery mildew problems last year to prepare for disease carryover this year. Botrytis bunch rot is a different beast than grape powdery mildew, says Dr. Michelle Moyer, Washington State University viticulture extension specialist. While it’s not a problem [...]

  • Strategies for controlling bacterial spot

Strategies for controlling bacterial spot

  • February 15th, 2012

The O’Henry peach variety is a poster child, highly susceptible to bacterial spot. Symptoms include fruit spots, leaf spots, and twig cankers. Bacterial spot is a serious problem for peach growers in the eastern United States, but no big worry for western growers. This [...]

Growers fear loss of antibiotics

  • February 15th, 2012

The shape of organic apple production in the future could well hinge on decisions made in the next few years about the continued use of antibiotics for control of fireblight.     Two key tenets of organic production are, don’t use synthetic substances and don’t cure a problem [...]

  • Manage resistance at the warehouse

Manage resistance at the warehouse

  • February 15th, 2012

Chang-Lin Xiao recommends that use of Penbotec and Scholar alternate from year to year to preserve their effectiveness against fungal pathogens like this blue mold on a Gala apple. Chang-Lin Xiao Resistance of the blue mold pathogen to the postharvest [...]