• Top Five pear research needs

Top Five pear research needs

  • September 1st, 2013

Although most pears are grown in traditional orchards, the same way they’ve been grown for many decades, there’s not a great momentum for change. Ray Schmitten, a pear grower in Cashmere, Washington, says that innovation in the orchard is less critical than finding ways to ensure that consumers have [...]

  • Pest management requires precise tools

Pest management requires precise tools

  • September 1st, 2013

Over the years, fruit growers have traded in their shotgun-like pest control tools for more precise rifle-like tools and bullets capable of hitting moving targets with great accuracy. As they adopt these new weapons, they need to perfect their use of them.

During the Eastern Apple Precision Orchard Management Summit [...]

Five ways to make sure people eat fewer peaches

  • July 1st, 2013

1
Grow just one variety. Growing one variety will limit your marketing season and the number of times consumers can come back to buy more peaches.

On the other hand, growers who want to sell lots of peaches will select multiple varieties that will ripen over a six- to eight-week [...]

  • Surround might deter stinkbugs

Surround might deter stinkbugs

  • June 1st, 2013

The brown marmorated stinkbug is a challenge to control for any fruit grower, and organic growers have the fewest strategies of all.

That’s why Win Cowgill and colleagues at Rutgers Cooperative Extension in New Jersey decided to test the effects of the kaolin clay product Surround on the stinkbug.

Surround is [...]

  • Science on the Hudson

Science on the Hudson

  • May 15th, 2013

Modern apple tree plantings have been made at the Hudson Valley Lab.
PHOTO BY RICHARD LEHNERT

Workers at Cornell University’s Hudson Valley Laboratory at Highland, near Poughkeepsie, New York, tend to see themselves as guardians of the gate. Whenever new diseases and insects come to challenge fruit growers in New [...]

  • SWD in Europe

SWD in Europe

  • May 15th, 2013

A female spotted wing drosophila lays eggs on a cherry.
PHOTO BY PETER SHEARER, OSU

Fluctuating populations of spotted wing drosophila from year to year are keeping growers in the Pacific Northwest guessing. After relatively little pressure in 2011, the fly came back with a vengeance in 2012.

Growers in Europe [...]

  • SWD challenges growers

SWD challenges growers

  • May 15th, 2013

Unlike the common drosophila flies, spotted wing drosophila will attack cherries before they are ripe.
PHOTO BY PETER SHEARER, OSU

After feeling little pressure from the spotted wing drosophila in 2011, Washington State cherry growers battled the pest through the 2012 season. And that’s likely to be the norm in [...]

  • Outreach: The final goal

Outreach: The final goal

  • May 15th, 2013

Field horticulturists from Chelan Fruit Cooperative examine beneficial insects during a hands-on workshop offered in February. Inset: Angela Gadino discusses natural-enemy monitoring techniques with Leo Garcia during a workshop preceding the WSU Sunrise Orchard Field Day last August. ­Photo by Stacy McDonald, WSU-TFREC

A stable integrated pest management program incorporates [...]

  • Heavenly host

Heavenly host

  • May 1st, 2013

For brown marmorated stinkbugs, the tree of heaven appears to be just that—a heavenly place to live.

“They can live there and rear their young there—they have absolutely no incentive to go anywhere else,” says Tim ­Lampasona, a research assistant at Cornell University’s Hudson Valley Laboratory in Highland, New York. [...]

Pest pressures challenge organics future

  • May 1st, 2013

The favorable climate and relatively low pest and disease pressure in the arid West have been blessings for organic tree fruit growers. Those conditions explain why more than 95 percent of the nation’s organic apple production comes from Washington, California, Arizona, Colorado, and Oregon. But increasing pest challenges and [...]

  • Your management program matters

Your management program matters

  • April 15th, 2013

LEFT: Above left: Adult A. mali are affected by most of the tested reduced-risk pesticides. RIGHT: The parasitic wasp Aphelinus mali attacks woolly apple aphids and leaves black, swollen aphid mummies behind.
PHOTO BY ELIZABETH BEERS, WSU

Pesticides are an important tool to protect crops from pest damage. While pesticides [...]

  • How integrated mite control works

How integrated mite control works

  • April 1st, 2013

One of the keys to integrated mite control was that the western predatory mite Typhlodromus occidentalis could effectively control spider mites under certain conditions. In the picture, a “typh” attacks the larger European red mite.
PHOTO COURTESY OF ELIZABETH BEERS, WSU

By the late 1950s, mite outbreaks had reached a [...]