Research tackles decay issue

A new project will focus on controlling decay and finding pollinizers that are not disease hosts.

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  • Fireblight-resistant apple

Fireblight-resistant apple

  • February 15th, 2013

Ladina, a new high-quality apple variety with low susceptibility to fireblight and mildew, has been developed by a Swiss research station. The variety is also scab resistant. Ladina, bred at the Swiss federal research institute Agroscope­ ­Changins-Wädenswil, comes from a cross of Topaz and Fuji made in 1999. The [...]

  • Identifying grape shrivels

Identifying grape shrivels

  • February 15th, 2013

In the past, grape growers have mistaken any shrivel in their fruit for grape berry shrivel, also known as sour shrivel, says Washington State University’s Dr. Bhaskar Bondada. In a panic, some were needlessly thinning clusters to remove what they thought were berries afflicted with sour shrivel.

It’s important to [...]

  • Turning on a plant’s defenses

Turning on a plant’s defenses

  • February 15th, 2013

New technology is coming to the apple and pear industry to help control fireblight. Actigard is a systemic compound with a unique mode of action that mimics the natural systemic-activated resistance response found in many plants. When applied preventatively, much like vaccinations are given to humans to ward off [...]

  • Fireblight is native to North America

Fireblight is native to North America

  • February 15th, 2013

Fireblight is a plant disease of apples and pears caused by the bacterium Erwinia amylovora. It is native to North America where it resides in wild hosts such as crab apple and hawthorn. Over the decades, it has spread to other pome fruit producing regions in Europe, the Middle [...]

  • Coppers are a fit for organics

Coppers are a fit for organics

  • February 15th, 2013

Before the 1960s, there were no antibiotics to help orchardists control fireblight, one of the most destructive diseases of pears and apples. Copper materials were the mainstay back then.

But coppers are returning as fireblight control products, particularly for organic orchardists. Oxytetracycline, an effective antibiotic, could lose its place on [...]

  • Growers have several choices in fireblight control

Growers have several choices in fireblight control

  • February 15th, 2013

Pear and apple orchardists have a fairly broad field of products to use in controlling fireblight—and it should get even more crowded in the coming year with new registrations anticipated, says an Oregon State University plant pathologist.

Several new products have registrations pending and could be registered in 2013, said [...]

  • Fireblight, antibiotics, and the NOSB

Fireblight, antibiotics, and the NOSB

  • February 15th, 2013

Antibiotics have long been key disease control materials for fireblight, one of the few uses of antibiotics in plant agriculture. These materials are natural compounds produced by naturally occurring soil microorganisms. For the past several decades, the most common control for fireblight has been the use of antibiotic sprays [...]

  • Natural enemy inventory

Natural enemy inventory

  • February 15th, 2013

Herbivore-induced plant volatile (HIPV) lure to attract natural enemies in orchards.

Monitoring is one of the key components of any successful integrated pest management program, because it provides a window into what is going on in an orchard. This is true not only for pests but also for natural enemies. [...]

  • Last Bite

Last Bite

  • February 15th, 2013

1  Which of the following is not a fruit symptom of little cherry disease?
a.    Small size
b.    Poor color
c.    High acids
d.    Poor shape

2    Which of the following rootstocks is not resistant to fireblight?
a.    Geneva 41
b.    Budagovsky 9
c.    PiAu-56-83
d.    Malling 26

3     What [...]

  • Good Stuff

Good Stuff

  • February 15th, 2013

Hydroponic irrigation
New technology combining hydroponics and drip irrigation is being used to grow fruit trees, offering benefits to orchardists in water-starved regions. The Hydroponic Irrigation Adaption System or HIAS, has been patented by Jorge Labrador Agustin of Jormar Fruits, a Spanish company with 30 years of tree fruit [...]

  • Enhancing biocontrol

Enhancing biocontrol

  • February 1st, 2013

Knowing when and where natural enemies, such as the green lacewing, are active is critical in order to conserve them. Large inset: Garden orb web spider in apple orchard. Small inset: Adult ladybug feeding on aphids.

This is the first article in an eight-part series highlighting results of a five-year [...]

  • Last Bite

Last Bite

  • January 15th, 2013

1.    Which of the following is not a tree fruit disease?
a.    Black rot
b.    Blue mold
c.    White rot
d.    Pink rot
e.    Coral rot
f.    Gray mold
2.    Which of the following is not a fungicide?
a.    Topguard
b.    Centaur
c.    Nordox
d.    Regalia
3. [...]