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Soils & Nutrients

Featured stories about soils and nutrients appear in this issue.

Good Stuff

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Sweet but lethalSucraShield, a new pesticide made from natural sugars and food-grade fatty acids, is labeled for control of soft-bodied insects and mites on many

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Minimal pruning has maximum benefits

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Kevin Day describes the minimal pruning technique to IFTA members. By doing minimal pruning in the first two years, one California

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Good question

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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A weak U.S. dollar means different things to different people and countries. When measured against foreign currencies, it can be

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Challenges to growing cherries

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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In mid-February, these Brooks cherry buds were already starting to push. These cherries are some of the earliest to be picked in California.In

Fertilizer suppliers and users

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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The world’s largest fertilizer users are the United States, China, India, Russia, and Brazil, according to The Fertilizer Institute. Nitrogen: The United States is

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Prepare site before replanting

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Before an orchard is replanted, the soil should be ripped and cross ripped to a depth of two to three feet and fumigated.

Corn boosts demand

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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U.S. farmers planted about 90 million acres of corn last year, aiming to profit from high prices driven by high demand for corn for ethanol

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Roller coaster cherry production

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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To overcome rootstock-scion incompatibility, two Chelan trees on Mazzard rootstock were planted next to the original tree on a Mahaleb rootstock and entwined

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Striving for efficiencies

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Bill Tos of Tos Orchards said that while the family farm has grown through the years, they haven’t taken the vertical integration step

Learn by doing

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Twenty years ago, when apples suddenly became a profitable crop to plant in California’s San Joaquin Valley, few had experience in growing the new fruit.

Getting the most out of fertilizers

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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With the price of fertilizer ­rising, orchardists are trying to use nitrogen in the most efficient and economical ways possible, says Lee Gale, horticulturist with

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New herbicide option for cherries

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Russian thistle, also known as the ubiquitous tumbleweed. A new herbicide called Matrix (rimsulfuron) will be available this spring for use

New source of phosphorus

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Each year, U.S. farmers use about 3.7 billion pounds of phosphorus fertilizer, which is mined from underground phosphorus deposits around the world. Now, a team

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Managing the orchard floor

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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These Regina on Gisela 6 rootstock cherry trees, grown under a bark mulch, are part of an Oregon State University research project studying

Last Bite

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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The Wenatchee Produce Company, with its famous Rose brand label, was among the largest fruit shippers in the state of Washington for nearly 40 years.

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Searching for resistance to nematodes

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

Resistant rootstock may be the only real answer in replant situations.

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Good to know

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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This highly feathered tree is perfect for establishing the tall spindle planting system. The quality of the nursery tree planted in

Industry opposes fumigation buffer

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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The tree fruit industry is urging the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency not to require buffer zones around orchards when they are fumigated for replant disease.

How to start a winery

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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A good business plan will help avoid the pitfalls of trial and error in designing and building a winery, says Norm McKibben, partner in Pepper

Byproduct tested as fertilizer

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Scientists looking for new uses of ethanol byproducts have discovered that distillers dried grains (DDGs) have potential as an environmentally friendly herbicide or as a

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Vineyard preserves diversity

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Le Vieux Pin winery at Oliver, British Columbia, Canada, has retained some of its apricot, apple, and pear trees. Some

N-P-K: What's in the bag?

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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The three numbers separated by hyphens on a fertilizer bag indicate the percentage of nitrogen, phosphate, and potash, respectively, that is available to the plants.

Death by fireblight

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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In what could be the only Golden Delicious planting in California, Dr. R. Scott Johnson said that the real value of the NC-140 rootstock trial

Fertilizer sticker shock

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Just like motorists filling up their cars with gas, orchardists are experiencing sticker shock as they buy their fertilizers and agricultural chemicals. Greg Rosenau,

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Year-round planting a plus

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Each cup holds 25 plants, with 300 plants on a tray. The tiny plants live in the small cups until they are big

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Bitter pit causes are complex

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Symptoms of bitter pit include dark sunken pits on the surface of the fruit and corky brown tissue. Bitter pit, a

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Cherries on the cutting edge

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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The Zee Stem, a cherry interstem on top of Mazzard rootstock, allows a wider range of rootstocks to be used in California cherry

Pros and cons of the low dollar

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Although the low value of the dollar is making U.S. goods seem like good value to overseas buyers, it’s making it expensive to promote the

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Diversifying to survive

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Tad Kozuki tries to find varieties of tree fruits that will set them apart from others. Tadashi "Tad" Kozuki has always

No progress in talks with China

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Access to China for more U.S. apple varieties and fresh pears were topics on the agenda at the U.S.–China Plant Health bilateral meetings held in

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Families persevere with Fuji

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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Malling 7 rootstocks and a V-trellis system seem to work best for Fuji and Gala apples at Britton VanKonynenburg Farms. Though

First Bite

April 15th, 2008|0 Comments

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How does one start a perennial fruit crop? By planting it into the ground. The soil. That is where it all starts. Sometimes