Techniques & benefits of a fruit wall

Lower costs and better vigor control make them attractive for high-density plantings.

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  • Last Bite – From timber to apples

Last Bite – From timber to apples

  • February 15th, 2010

Arden Harris was a member of a family that pioneered in the development of the lumber resources of the Entiat and Waterville regions of north central Washington State. His father was Charles Albert Harris, a native of Hannibal, Missouri, who was an engineer on the Missouri Pacific Railroad, a [...]

  • Choosing a nursery and trees

Choosing a nursery and trees

  • February 15th, 2010

This is the fourth in a series of articles covering all aspects of planning and establishing a competitive orchard.

Before committing significant money to a nursery order, growers are well advised to do their homework in choosing who grows their trees.

Visit the nursery beforehand to see what type of tree [...]

  • Storing organic apples is not easy

Storing organic apples is not easy

  • February 15th, 2010

As Washington growers have ramped up production of organic apples, the volume of apples going into storage has also increased, and with it, the need to for longer storage. With few postharvest tools available for organic fruit, more research is needed to find ways to improve organic fruit storage, [...]

  • Choosing type of tree

Choosing type of tree

  • February 15th, 2010

Left, Sleeping eye. Middle: Standard tree. Right: Potted trees. Bottom: Bench grafts.

Several types of trees are available from nurseries for planting, with costs as varied as the tree types, ranging from around $8 per tree for knipboom to $1.20 for bench grafts, without royalties. But beware of the hidden [...]

Good to know – Rayapati

  • February 15th, 2010

Grapevine fanleaf, an infectious degenerative disease, is the oldest known viral disease of grapevines. It is believed that fanleaf virus originated from ancient Persia and spread to other grape-growing regions via transport of vegetative propagative materials. Consequently, the disease has become established as one the most serious and devastating [...]

  • Fireblight without antibiotics

Fireblight without antibiotics

  • February 15th, 2010

Orchards that have secondary bloom or have later-blooming varieties are more at risk for fireblight infection.

Controlling fireblight without antibiotics is doable, but it requires an integrated approach combining delayed dormant copper sprays with frequent applications of biological agents, says a plant pathologist from Oregon State University.

The antibiotics streptomycin and [...]

  • Types of trees

Types of trees

  • February 15th, 2010

Workers harvest two-year-old Honeycrisp trees at C&O Nursery in Quincy, Washington.

Bench graft: Starts out as a rootstock, with the rootstock taken out of the layer bed in November and bench grafted with scion wood between January and April. Bench grafts are delivered for planting after the last spring frost. Bench-graft [...]

  • Scab control more challenging

Scab control more challenging

  • February 15th, 2010

Apple scab overwinters in infected leaves on the orchard floor. Spores from the dead leaves are produced in the spring and can cause primary infection of fruit.

The Michigan growing season was wet last year. As a result, apple growers had a tougher-than-usual time controlling scab. But the weather was [...]

Searching for cherry cracking strategies

  • February 15th, 2010

When researching rain-induced cracking of sweet cherries, it’s obvious that rain is a requirement. Two years of research, though yielding little rain-induced cracking, have shown potential for reduced cracking from some materials, as well as a varietal difference in the timing of susceptibility to cracking.

The Washington Tree Fruit Research [...]

  • Controlling mildew in organic cherries

Controlling mildew in organic cherries

  • February 15th, 2010

Powdery mildew is a tough disease to control for Pacific Northwest cherry growers, but it’s even tougher for organic growers who have limited fungicides to use. With so few organic tools available, an integrated approach is needed, says a Washington State crop consultant.

Understanding the life cycle of cherry powdery [...]

Questions to ask a prospective nursery

  • February 15th, 2010

Ask the following questions before choosing a nursery, ­suggests Cameron Nursery’s Paul Tvergyak.

Longevity—How long has the company been in business?

Reputation—Is the company reputable and known for square business dealings?

Guarantees and warranties—What are the guarantees and warranties that go with the trees?

Bud wood source—Where does it source its bud wood?

Rootstock [...]

Moving larger crops in the future

  • February 15th, 2010

Focus on what you can control was the message given to growers by cherry marketers who shared thoughts on how to move larger cherry crops in the future during a panel discussion at the Northwest Cherry Institute meeting in Yakima, Washington.

Last year’s late start of the Northwest cherry season [...]