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Pear breeding moves toward better varieties

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Richard Bell works to develop better pears with the flavor of Bartlett and resistance to fireblight and pear psylla, and more precocious.

One of the problems with pears is their lack of precocity. They stay juvenile,

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Reflective fabric = more pears

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Researchers are finding that a reflective mulch in the rows of a mature pear orchard can significantly increase yields by directing more light into the lower canopy.

We are investigating application of Extenday reflective fabric to

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Eastern growers can produce pears profitably

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When planted in the tall spindle system, high density in itself reduced tree size, and the quince rootstock at right kept trees quite small.

The market for pears in the eastern United States is good, and

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Quick Bites

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Large apple crop forecast
The Washington apple industry expects to harvest a record 108.8 million boxes of fresh apples this fall. That’s six million boxes more than during the 2009-2010 season that just ended, but only

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Pear promotions pondered

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A pear industry task force is looking at how the Pear Bureau Northwest might coordinate its domestic pear promotions with the companies supplying the pears.

The Pear Bureau works with 200 retailers around the United States

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Pear breeding north of the border

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Harovin Sundown (tested as HW614) originated from a cross of Bartlett and an unnamed U.S. selection made in 1972. The pear, which is larger than Bartlett, was named and released in 2008.

North America’s two public

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Bi-axis system fits the fruiting wall concept

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Bibaum (divided trunk) pears are grown at the Ferrara fruit research station in Italy

Fruit growers who adopt a spindle style of tree—tall, narrow cylinder shapes—believe the resulting fruiting walls will lend themselves to mechanization and

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Antibiotic on organic sunset list

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Organic tree fruit growers in the Pacific Northwest are concerned that the National Organic Standards Board might drop its approval of the antibiotic Mycoshield (oxytetracycline or tetracycline) for organic production in 2012. The product is

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Preventing pear rot

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Dr. David Sugar, plant pathologist at Oregon State University, says the nitrogen and calcium levels in the orchard can affect the potential for decay in pears after harvest.

Orchard management can play an important role in

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A remedy for blind wood

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The branches of this young Fuji tree suffer from blind wood.

Blind wood is a growth characteristic of certain fruit varieties, where buds at the basal ends of shoots remain dormant or blind. Apple varieties such

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Australia testing two new pears

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Garry Langford says testers will be licensed to grow trees for five years to produce enough pears for sampling.

Two new pear varieties from Australia are being propagated for testing in the United States.

One is an

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Drench in the orchard

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Single-bin drenching with a postharvest fungicide is being tested. Research shows that the sooner a fungicide is applied after harvest, the more effective it is in preventing rot.
DAVID SUGAR, OSU

Drenching single bins of pears with

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Fireblight without antibiotics

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Orchards that have secondary bloom or have later-blooming varieties are more at risk for fireblight infection.

Controlling fireblight without antibiotics is doable, but it requires an integrated approach combining delayed dormant copper sprays with frequent applications

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The 1-2-3 rule of pruning

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Two-year-old wood and young spurs produce the most and best Packham pears.

The largest and best quality apples and pears grow on two-year-old wood and young spurs. To develop two-year-old wood, prune trees according to the

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Last Bite

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Perham Fruit Company used these five labels during the 1920s and 1930s.

Some of the most beautiful and sought-after fruit labels that collectors desire are the old Perham labels. Illustrated here are the five original company

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Cover crops and pest control

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Does attracting natural enemies to an orchard by planting a cover crop translate to better biological control of pests in the trees? Dr. David Horton, entomologist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Yakima, Washington,

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Past, present, and future

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Chuck Peters designed his new pear orchard with mechanization and new technologies in mind.

It might be possible to develop apples with yet-to-be-identified health benefits, says orchardist Chuck Peters.

When Chuck Peters, a pear grower from Yakima,

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High density is tricky in pears

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OSU horticulturist Dr. Todd Einhorn is experimenting to find out the best angle to train branches of d’Anjou pear trees to discourage suckering and promote early fruiting.

Agricultural economist Clark Seavert devised the Competitive Orchard System

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Promoting fruit size in Bartlett pear

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A research report from Dr. David Sugar, Oregon State University, Medford
Bartlett pear growers practice a variety of techniques to increase the size of the fruit on their trees, in order to take advantage of the

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In My View – Jay Grandy

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The conversation among Pacific Northwest fruit growers tends to focus on the fresh market, where returns are generally more favorable. A very small percentage of apples and cherries are sold for processing—usually the lesser grade

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Pear export prospects

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A family samples USA pears in a supermarket in the city of Dubai. The United Arab Emirates is a significant market for USA Pears.

Jeff Correa, Pear Bureau Northwest

The Pear Bureau is looking forward to marketing

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Pear access negotiations continue

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The United States and China are each hoping the other will grant permission to export pears.

The United States has been requesting access to China for U.S. pears since the 1990s. On its part, China already

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Let there be light

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Ideally, the long-term future will bring a dwarfing rootstock to enable pear growers to switch to more efficient production systems, but a more immediate need is to enhance production on the large trees they already

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WANTED: dwarfing pear rootstock

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Since the pear industry still lacks a dwarfing rootstock, Dr. Todd Einhorn is experimenting with ways to improve light penetration in standard pear trees.

A dwarfing pear rootstock—equivalent to a Malling 9 rootstock for apples or

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Early cropping pear system

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Orchardist Gorham Blaine developed his steep V system for pears.

Pear grower Gorham Blaine has developed his own techniques for stimulating early production at his Dog River Ranch at Odell, Oregon.

With Bartlett, Bosc, and Comice, he

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In My View – Chris Zanobini

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The second World Pear Congress was held in May in Sint-Truiden, the main pear-producing area in Belgium. This unique all-pear meeting brought together over 150 representatives from Argentina, Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain,

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Good Question – Pear Industry Issue

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Rob Peterson
Hood River, Oregon
Mexican tariff
Peterson said the most pressing issue is the 20 percent tariff on U.S. pears, cherries, and apricots imposed by Mexico in March. Mexico imposed the tariff after the U.S. Congress

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Canned pear assessment rises

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The promotional assessment on Pacific Northwest processed pears will increase from $5 to $7.11 per ton this season in an attempt to keep the Pacific Northwest Canned Pear Service functioning.

The volume of pears grown for

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Pear crop is large, but not a record

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Pacific Northwest pear growers are expecting to harvest a large, but not record winter pear crop this fall.

The industry’s first official crop estimate, compiled in late May, is for 14.75 million boxes of fresh winter

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